Mosaic of Time and Story: Literary Discoveries on the History and Culture of Novi Bečej

Immerse yourself in the fascinating world of the past and culture of Novi Bečej through our virtual library, where the pages of books turn into windows through time. Here we discover the wealth of local heritage through complete works that bring stories of brave people, important events and unique traditions. Our book collection is not only a collection of words, but also the key to understanding the identity of this city, creating a space where historical events and cultural gems come together in a unique literary experience.

Islands of Green
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Islands of Green

Villages and towns in the Vojvodina plain appear as green islands amidst the sea of cultivated fields. The desire to utilize every inch of fertile Banat land for the production of crops has deprived the fields of even the most essential trees. Vast expanses, especially in the central and northern Banat, lack any semblance of trees. Only farms were surrounded by the greenery of acacia or mulberry trees. Occasionally, a tree would grow along the road connecting villages and towns. Everything else was either cultivated land or pastures for the village cows and other livestock. Trees were so rare that a farmer, amidst the scorching summer heat and the most arduous tasks like harvesting, had no opportunity to rest in the shade of a tree for miles in any direction.

The iconostasis of the Serbian Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas in Novi Bečej
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The iconostasis of the Serbian Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas in Novi Bečej

The existence of the iconostasis of Stefan Gavrilović in a town Novi Bečej, in the Middle Banat, is not easy to explain when we know that the location of his creative work was almost always on the territory of Srem. That was admitted by O. Milanović-Jović while she was studying his work, back in the seventies of the 20th century; however based on her study Gavrilović was being credited for his work in Bečej in the first place.

Traffic in Novi Bečej: A Retrospective View
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Traffic in Novi Bečej: A Retrospective View

Due to the fact that Novi Bečej is situated on the Tisa River, river traffic has held a prominent place in the transportation of goods. Poor roads and underdeveloped road traffic directed a portion of goods, especially passengers, towards railway transportation.

Goods from surrounding villages were transported by horse-drawn vehicles, and considering the high cost of railway passenger transport, many Kumančani, and even Melenčani, would walk to Novi Bečej. This walking quite accurately illustrates the standard of that time. A train ticket from Kuman to Novi Bečej cost three dinars, and many couldn't even afford that, so they would walk 10 kilometers in one direction just to avoid paying for the ticket.

Turkish Conquest of Novi Bečej and Banat

After the conclusion of the war with Persia at the end of 1549, Suleiman shifted the focus of his policy back to Hungary, specifically Transylvania. In February 1551, he demanded the payment of overdue tribute and the surrender of Bečej and Bečkerek, along with other cities in Banat.

The Hungarian parliament rejected the demand for the surrender of Bečej and Bečkerek. In the early summer of 1551, General Kastaldo arrived in Banat with a weak military force and captured fortified places such as Bečej, Bečkerek, Timișoara, and others. Aldan's 400 horsemen, 2000 hussars led by Andrija Batori, 1000 Serbian horsemen, and 100 hajduks arrived in Timișoara. The Turks, informed through their contacts, ordered Rumelian Beylerbey Mehmed Sokolović to capture the fortified places in Banat.

Physical-Geographical Overview

A comprehensive geographical monograph of each subregion in Vojvodina encompasses natural-geographical and socio-geographical characteristics of a specific area. To better understand the emergence and economic development of the municipality of Novi Bečej, it is crucial to first acquaint ourselves with the physical-geographic features of this Vojvodina regional unit, representing the natural conditions for economic development.

From a natural standpoint, the territory of the Novi Bečej municipality essentially exhibits a Pannonian, flatland physical-geographic profile. Its relief, climatic, and hydrographic features share similarities with the natural-geographic traits of neighboring and other subregions in Vojvodina. However, through a more detailed analysis of all physical-geographic factors and elements, partial differences are observed. These differences can influence, positively or negatively, the development of specific economic sectors and overall economic progress. Therefore, this chapter will present the geomorphological, geological, climatic, hydrographic, bio-geographic, and pedological features of this part of the Vojvodina region.

Laza Lalić - Džebrak

was a kind of bohemian who spent all his free time in the tavern, but didn't always waste it on worthless stories and jokes. He was very strong, tall, and overweight, weighing around 140 kilograms. Despite being strict, he rarely abused his power.

Introduction

Introduction

The Serbian Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas in Novi Bečej is the second presented structure in the series "History of Art – Protected Cultural Monuments in the Municipality of Novi Bečej," following the house of Vladimir Glavaš in Vranjevo. Alongside the residences of wealthier citizens, their palaces, summer houses, and castles within the territory of the Municipality of Novi Bečej, numerous church buildings of great significance have been preserved – both Orthodox and Roman Catholic temples. In this relatively small area, a total of fourteen have been documented, including the Medieval Basilica in Arač, with 11 declared as protected cultural monuments.

Undisputed Image of Pauline Sudarski

Undisputed Image of Pauline Sudarski

Studying the art that developed in the first decades of the 20th century, its appearances, participants and relationships, creates a kind of prejudice that it is easy to get to the facts that caused their creation and movement. However, sometimes the circumstances are such that today the distant 18th and 19th centuries, with some well-preserved artifacts and data, seem closer and more accessible for study and exhibition. Therefore, the case of the painter Paulina Sudarski, whose life ended tragically at the age of 29 by being killed on Sutjeska, is particularly interesting.

Development of industry in Novi Bečej
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Development of industry in Novi Bečej

Among the economic sectors of the Novi Bečej sub-region, the industry belongs to the younger group. The first traces of industry emerged at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. The precursors to today's diverse industries were the first steam mills and factories for the production of bricks and tiles. After the Second World War, concurrent with the development of more diverse and intensive agriculture, industries gradually gained a more significant place in the municipality's economy. From 1960 onwards, faster industrial development began, and the Novi Bečej sub-region transformed from a typically agrarian area into an agrarian-industrial area of northern Banat.

Prehistory

Novi Becej is situated in the part of the Pannonian Plain, once a Roman province during the Roman Empire. The formation of the Pannonian Plain is linked to the evolution of the Eurasian mountain system, specifically the Carpathians. Before the Alps and Carpathians, this area was covered by the Mediterranean Sea. With the emergence of the Alps and the Dinaric Mountains, the connection to the Mediterranean was severed, and the Pannonian Plain became a continental sea - the so-called Sarmatian Sea.

As the Carpathians formed, a continental lake, known as the Pannonian or Pontic Sea (similar to today's Caspian Sea), emerged, disconnecting from other seas. The Panonian Sea, a western part of the larger Paretitis Sea stretching from the Alps to Turkestan in Asia, eventually turned into a freshwater Levantine lake due to geological shifts and sedimentation.

What others saw and recorded about Novi Bečej in the nineteenth century

In addition to what Evliya Çelebi documented about the "Beautiful town of Bečej" during the Ottoman rule, it is interesting to read other assessments and impressions given about Novi Bečej in the mid-nineteenth century. From the 1840s, we have a description with data provided by Fenješ Elek and records from the Austrian traveler Kunič, who stayed in Novi Bečej in the second half of the nineteenth century. Ištvanfi Endre provided a description of life in Novi Bečej after the great uprising, almost until the end of the nineteenth century.

In the Geographical Dictionary of Hungary, Fenješ Elek writes about Novi Bečej:

Vranjevo Uprising

The history of Bečej and Vranjevo, being predominantly agricultural areas, is rich in peasant revolts and uprisings. It seems that the inhabitants of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo found the exploitation harder to endure than peasants in surrounding areas, and they were bold enough to raise their rebellious voices against oppression and exploitation, among the first in their vicinity.

In response to the call of Doža Đerđa, the people of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo were among the first to rise (in liberated Banat from the Turks) against the authorities due to high taxes or the arbitrary rule of the nobility.

Ban on the Work of Matica srpska and the Abolition of the "Letopis"
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Ban on the Work of Matica srpska and the Abolition of the "Letopis"

In addition to the difficulties Pavlović faced with the supporters of Vuk's orthography, there were individuals within Matica itself who incited conflicts and disputes. Lawsuits against Matica opponents emerged even before Pavlović became secretary, just over a year after its establishment, in 1827. Disagreements were present from the first issue of Letopis, before Matica was even founded, between Šafarik and Magarašević regarding the concept of Letopis, followed by conflicts within Matica itself between its founders Hadžić and Milovuk, and so forth.

Anecdotes
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Anecdotes

There is an anecdote that Vladimir Pap fondly remembers from his early days at the Zrenjanin post office. It actually emphasizes the importance of the post office in a populated place.
There is no populated place without a PRIEST - POSTMAN - AND ONLY THEN WITHOUT A DOCTOR.

The evolution of traffic through the centuries: A journey through the history of Novi Bečej
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The evolution of traffic through the centuries: A journey through the history of Novi Bečej

After the liberation from the Turks, in Banat, there existed only summer roads for a long time, without a stone surface. The passability of these roads was from spring to autumn. With the first autumn rains, they would become difficult to traverse and were passable only for wagons pulled by good horses or four oxen harnessed to carts.

Life and Artistic Beginnings of Pauline Sudarski in Becej and Belgrade

Life and Artistic Beginnings of Pauline Sudarski in Becej and Belgrade

Paulina Sudarski was born on July 12, 19144 to father Relja Sudarski5 and mother Jovanka, née Kovačev6. Similar to her parents, Paulina's birthplace is listed as Vranjevo, which was then part of the Danube Banovina, but as a separate administrative municipality compared to the neighboring Novi Bečej.7

The spatial cultural-historical unit "Center of Novi Bečej"
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The spatial cultural-historical unit "Center of Novi Bečej"

At the end of 2014, the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in Zrenjanin began drafting a proposal for the Decision to establish the ambiental complex of the center of Novi Bečej as the Spatial Cultural-Historical Unit "Center of Novi Bečej." After conducting research to assess the value of each individual object within the complex, defining the boundaries of the complex and its protected surroundings, work on drafting the decision is in its final stages, pending technical attachments and necessary supporting documentation to undergo the legal procedure.

Novi Bečej during the era of great migrations

Situated at significant global crossroads, the Vojvodina region has undergone multiple changes in both its population and rulers over the centuries. The area where Novi Bečej stands today belonged to ancient Dacia. Dacians resisted Roman attacks for a long time until Trajan (101-107 AD) succeeded in turning their land into the Roman province of Dacia. Given that the region of Novi Bečej has always been suitable for connecting the left and right banks of the Tisza River, it is likely that Bečej existed as a town or province, perhaps under a different name, even during the rule of the Roman emperors.

Introduction
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Introduction

The European Heritage Days are one of the most widely embraced events with the participation of the largest number of Europeans. The Council of Europe initiated the program in 1985, and in 1999, the European Commission joined, leading to the creation of this joint program that continues to this day. By bringing together over twenty million visitors each year, the European Heritage Days contribute year after year to the mutual understanding of the citizens of the old continent, fostering a better understanding of their own cultural and natural heritage, as well as acquainting them with the values and diversity of the heritage of other nations.

The Last Refugees from Serbia in Vranjevo
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The Last Refugees from Serbia in Vranjevo

War with the Turks 1788-1789, Koča's Frontier

Even after the expulsion of the Turks from the regions of southern Hungary, the Balkans remained at the center of Austrian expansion for a long time. In preparation for the war with the Ottoman Empire, Austria conducted extensive agitation among the Christian population in Serbia, counting on their assistance when the war shifted to the Balkans. Due to the arbitrariness of the Janissaries and under the influence of Austrian propaganda, a considerable number of Serbs emigrated to Hungary, where special volunteer units called "freikorps" were formed, serving as precursors to the Austrian army in the upcoming war.

Theodor Pavlović, attorney from Peštan

After completing his studies in Pozun in 1825, Pavlović moved to Pest, where his friend Dr. Pejičić arranged for him a sufficient number of students for tutoring in various subjects, thus providing him with the necessary income during his internship. He was placed as an apprentice at the office of the well-known Pest attorney, Rakić. However, after Rakić's death, Pavlović joined the office of the renowned Hungarian poet and lawyer, Mihajlo Vitković.

Working under Vitković was an exceptional opportunity for Pavlović to acquire a solid professional education and to become acquainted with the most prominent figures among the Serbs and influential Hungarians. Due to his diligence and talent, Pavlović quickly gained recognition as a prominent attorney in Pest after establishing his own office. If not for his patriotism, he could have become wealthy in no time.

Catholic Church in Novi Bečej

Catholic Church in Novi Bečej

Until 1747, Catholics in Novi Bečej, comprising a total of sixty-eight different nationalities including Hungarians, Germans, and Croats (boatmen), did not have their own place of worship or a priest. They belonged to the parish in Veliki Bečkerek, where they attended services, and the local priest conducted burials and other religious ceremonies.

Agriculture
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Agriculture

As is rare in most Vojvodina villages, there was a significant difference in the wealth of farmers in Novi Bečej. A large portion of the land was owned by a few large landowners and 250-300 wealthy Serbs, and around twenty wealthy Hungarians. The remaining agricultural population, for the most part, either had no land or had 3-4 acres.

Through the agrarian reform after World War I, land was taken away from the large landowners Ivanović, Rohonci, and Šojmoš and distributed to Serbian peasants. The landowners were left with 500 acres of arable land and an unlimited area of pastures and economic buildings.

Branch of the Red Cross in Turkish Bečej 1916

Branch of the Red Cross in Turkish Bečej 1916

During January of 1916, the suspension of hospital work continued, so alongside administrative tasks, the Turkish Bečej branch of the Red Cross worked on its reorganization. At the request of the royal supervisor for education, the central board negotiated with the association's management for the release of space in the Elementary School.

Dr. Konstantin Pejičić about Teodor Pavlović

We will conclude this reminder of the life and work of Teodor Pavlović with the words of his biographer and best friend, who, in the report on the erection of the tombstone, among other things, notes the following:
"Sixty-two years ago (the report was written at the end of 1866 — note by LM), Teodor Pavlović, this highly deserving Serb, was born, and twelve years ago he died in Karlovac in Banat. His name has been popular, famous, and beloved throughout the Yugoslav lands for a quarter of the current century (referring to the 19th century — note by LM), especially among Serbs of all countries...

Kovačev Joca – Bača

A farmer from Vranjevo, the son of wealthy parents. He inherited a large estate, but his lifestyle did not contribute to the enlargement or preservation of the inheritance. I remember him as of medium height, already in his years, and in his youth, he must have been a handsome man. He was always on the move, cheerful, and ready for a joke.

He enjoyed company, and in Novi Bečej and Vranjevo, the easiest place to find it was in the tavern. Sitting in the tavern cost him, as being in the company always resulted in spending more than one initially thought. He especially had to do this while the inherited estate was still present, for the sake of reputation. He loved singing, particularly stories. He had a knack for being a attentive and patient listener to others' stories and jokes but was an indefatigable storyteller himself.

Branch of the Red Cross in Turski Bečej in 1915.
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Branch of the Red Cross in Turski Bečej in 1915.

Members of the Red Cross Association and the staff of the infirmary, dedicated to caring for the wounded and oblivious to the alternation of night and day, quietly entered the war in 1915. It began with three fatalities: Lajoš Kiš passed away on the 13th, Pal Sabadoš on the 14th, and Janoš Katona on February 22nd. The three were members of the team that built a bridge over the Tisa River in January and February. The first two were buried in the Turkish-Bečej Catholic cemetery, while the relatives of Katona Jožef transferred his mortal remains home.

Kumane
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Kumane

In the southeastern part of the Novi Bečej subregion lies Kumane. This settlement is closest to the center of the municipality — only 12 km away from Novi Bečej. It is built on a river terrace — an accumulative elevation left behind by the Tisa River. Due to the very low and flood-prone terrain and the unregulated course of the Tisa, Kumane changed its location several times in the past. The last time, in 1801, a new settlement was built at the current location.

Obren Janjušević Artem (1923–1944)

Obren Janjušević was a prominent young fighter in the region of Banat. Alongside his peers, he underwent training in the Communist Youth League (SKOJ) and was dedicated to the People's Liberation Struggle from the beginning. Initially performing minor tasks, he served as a courier before eventually growing into one of the most dangerous fighters in Banat.

Monuments

Until 1918, in the center of Novi Bečej stood a monument to Hungarian freedom, topped with the Turul bird
Until 1918, in the center of Novi Bečej stood a monument to Hungarian freedom, topped with the Turul bird

Novi Bečej and Vranjevo after the expulsion of the Turks from Banat

Not much time passed after the conclusion of the Karlowitz Peace when a new war erupted between Austria and Turkey (1714–1718). In this war, the Austrians liberated Banat, the eastern part of Srem, captured Belgrade on August 15, 1717, and then took control of areas south of the Danube and Sava rivers, all the way to Niš.

Through the peace treaty signed in Požarevac on July 21, 1718, between Austria, the Republic of Venice, on one side, and Turkey, on the other, Banat and the entire Srem, along with the cities—Belgrade, Šabac, Bjeljina, Brčko, and in southern Serbia up to Paraćin, were ceded to Austria.

Living with Heritage

This year, the Days of European Heritage are celebrated under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture and Information in the Government of the Republic of Serbia, for the fifteenth, jubilee time. The common theme of the event at the European level, chosen by the Council of Europe, "Cultural Heritage and Communities - Living with Heritage," is based on the principles of the Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society, known as the Faro Convention, adopted in 2005 with the aim of achieving greater unity among the member states of the Council of Europe in the preservation and enhancement of the concept of cultural heritage.

Adaptation and Expansion of the Elementary School "Miloje Čiplić"

In June 1978, major works commenced on the adaptation and expansion of the building of the Elementary School "Miloje Čiplić" in Novi Bečej. The investor, the General Education and Upbringing Institute (SIZ) Novi Bečej, entrusted this task to the "Bačkaprojekt" company from Temerin, with responsible architect Dragana Pajkić leading the project.

The Evangelical (Lutheran) Church in Novi Bečej
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The Evangelical (Lutheran) Church in Novi Bečej

The Lutheran church, of more modest dimensions, was in line with the number of adherents of that faith. Evangelicals are first mentioned in Novi Bečej in 1820. Among other things, it is stated that there were 1,459 adherents in Aradac and 246 believers in the branches of the local church in Elemir, Melenci, Novi Bečej, and Kikinda.

Planned Settlements and Living Conditions

Vast open spaces of land covered by wetlands, meadows, and forests, coupled with low population density and the significant personal insecurity of the Banat region's inhabitants under the Ottoman rule, led the people of Banat to adopt a sort of nomadic lifestyle. This was particularly true for those engaged in agriculture. To facilitate easier relocation and settling in new areas, people constructed huts and sheds made of wattle and reed, earthen dwellings, and similar structures that could be easily abandoned and, with minimal effort, rebuilt elsewhere. The desire to return to a previous location did not arise because settlement in a particular area had a temporary character until the land or pasture was utilized. This way of life persisted until the mid-eighteenth century.

Dr. Đorđe Živanović on Teodor Pavlović

Dr. Đorđe Živanović, in his paper: The Slavic Program of Teodor Pavlović in the Serbian National Newspaper, presented at the scholarly meeting of Slavicists during Vuk's days, September 12-16, 1979, states:
Regarding Maletin's assessment that Pavlović edited the Serbian National Newspaper without a plan, selection, or criticism:
"We would say that Pavlović indeed knew what he wanted and had a clear and deliberate program, but he could not present it too explicitly.

Commemorative Postmarks Used in the Post Office of Novi Bečej

Commemorative Postmarks Used in the Post Office of Novi Bečej

Commemorative postal stamps, as the word itself suggests, are used to mark a special occasion. Commemorative stamps usually have a fixed date or last for several days, and they are often ordered by philatelic associations.

The Tisza River has always been a source of pride for the residents of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo

The Tisza River has always been a source of pride for the residents of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo

The people of Novi Bečej took pride in their town not for its appearance or the strength of its economy but for its exceptional location. The Tisza flows right through the center, a feature not common in many towns situated near such a large river. The wooded banks with a beautiful promenade made this part particularly attractive and charming, giving the impression of a seaside town, especially in the evening when the lights along the promenade and the summer hall of the "Vojvodina" hotel lit up, along with the numerous lights on the barges waiting for loading or being filled to be towed to their destinations.

Private Gymnasium
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Private Gymnasium

In addition to the Women's Russian Gymnasium — Harkov Institute, Novi Bečej also had an eight-grade — or as it was called at the time — complete gymnasium since 1924. Its full name was: "Private Mixed Complete Real Gymnasium with Public Right in Novi Bečej." This gymnasium had the same rights as state gymnasiums, with the difference that the funding came partly from the municipality and mostly from the families of the students. The amount of tuition depended on the income tax level of the students' parents. Poor students were exempt from tuition, but there were very few of them because impoverished families were eager to have their children grow up and work for landlords, or to apprentice them and thus relieve themselves of support.

Heroic struggle and resistance: Anti-fascist spirit in Banat 1941–1945
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Heroic struggle and resistance: Anti-fascist spirit in Banat 1941–1945

World War II was the most terrifying and bloodiest period of the twentieth century. This great conflict irreversibly altered the historical currents of Europe and the world, and its echoes are still present today. The rise and aggression of fascism were difficult to stop; however, the greatest evil ever seen in world history was confronted by anti-fascist fighters from all corners of the globe. From America to Australia, defenders rallied against Hitler and his allies under different banners.

Novi Bečej under the Turks

Historians find it quite challenging to study the conditions and life of our people in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, especially when it comes to a relatively broader area, such as the Banat region. It becomes even more difficult when the focus is narrowed down to a small territory, to a smaller place like Novi Bečej.

A Brief History of the Foundation and Urban Development of Novi Bečej

Serbian Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas in Novi BečejIn the present area of Novi Bečej and its immediate surroundings, there were human settlements as early as ca. 3000 B.C. There were two extraordinary archaeological sites of this period in the vicinity of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo: Borđoš and Matejski Brod.[1]

The most famous remains from the Medieval period are the ones of the basilica Arača, located in the area between Novi Bečej and Novo Miloševo, at the distance of about 20 kilometers northeast from the city. The monastery was probably built in the first half of the 13th century.[2] While changing its owners, this monastery was reconstructed and expanded, and so its outer shape and inner content has been changing too.

German Colonization

After the expulsion of the Turks and the Peace of Požarevac, Austria, for strategic-political reasons, wanted to transform Banat into the most advanced economic region. For this reason, it did not annex it to Hungary, but, upon the proposal of Eugene of Savoy, created a separate province called the "Tamiški Banat," directly tied to the court. All land and other material goods became state property. General Count Claudius Mercy was appointed as the governor of Banat.

In reality, Banat never constituted a unified entity, not even ethnically. The eastern, hilly part, predominantly inhabited by Romanians, had always been distinct from the western, flat Banat, mostly populated by Serbs. The hilly eastern part once formed a whole with Transylvania.

Josif Marinković, Composer and Conductor
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Josif Marinković, Composer and Conductor

Josif Marinković was born in Vranjevo on September 3, 1851. His father, Jovan, was a farmer, and his mother, Mileva (born Savić), was a housewife.

He completed three grades of primary school in Vranjevo and the fourth grade of a German school in Petrovaradin. His year in Petrovaradin served as preparation for further education, which he continued in Novi Vrbas and Kikinda before completing teacher training (Preparandija) in Sombor.

Preface

Preface

The rich cultural heritage, including residential structures built or inhabited by notable personalities, now constitutes a cultural value that should be preserved and presented to the wider public. In this way, the societal community, starting from each individual, becomes aware that cultural heritage, regardless of the space and time of its origin, carries the values that highlight our local specificities, cultural differences, and constitute the distinctiveness of a nation or a smaller social community. Its preservation and protection should become a crucial factor in determining the priorities of development and progress in any society. The more affluent and advanced societies are, the more developed is the concern and awareness of people about the necessity of preserving their cultural identity.

Publishing Activity, Libraries, and Reading Rooms
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Publishing Activity, Libraries, and Reading Rooms

Novi Bečej had a very modest publishing activity, although it had people of high intellectual qualities quite early on. Such a situation may have contributed to them leaving Novi Bečej and creating in other larger cultural centers where they had more support and easier access to original materials.

Civil School in Novi Bečej
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Civil School in Novi Bečej

The Civil School in Austro-Hungary aimed to prepare young people for work in the economy. Unlike lower gymnasiums, which provided knowledge that needed further schooling to supplement, the curriculum of civil schools was designed to provide comprehensive training. Young people who completed civil school acquired knowledge that enabled them to navigate more easily when entering crafts and trade.

Humbly and modestly - to us, beautiful and close
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Humbly and modestly - to us, beautiful and close

Novi Bečej and Vranjevo didn't have many high-rise buildings, but that doesn't mean that only those multi-story houses were beautiful. Many memorable single-story buildings, a good portion of which still exists today, deserve appreciation.

Painter without borders: The history and legacy of Pauline Sudarski
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Painter without borders: The history and legacy of Pauline Sudarski

In the Preschool Institution 'Pava Sudarski' in Novi Bečej, there is also a bust of a young painter, cast in bronze, the work of sculptor Milan Besarabić. Until a few years ago, along with Ljubica Cuca Sokic, he was our oldest artist. Both attended the Royal Art School at the same time as Paulina.

Branch of the Red Cross in Turkish Bečej 1917

Since I couldn't find documentation on the operation of the infirmary in the parish archive for 1917, I assumed its operation had been suspended, and when I read the minutes from the annual meeting of the Red Cross Branch held on February 17, 1918, I was convinced of that. The main topic of the minutes was the year 1917, discussing the cessation of the hospital's operation as well as the continuation of the Branch's work. The minutes were taken by Salma Jožef, the temporarily elected secretary. Quotes from the report of Ambruš Artur: