Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History

Explore the extraordinary past of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through the pages of the book 'Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History.' Uncover political events, economic development, and cultural heritage of these Banat towns through richly documented stories. Follow the evolution from the earliest days to the present, delving into the intricate threads of political intrigues, economic transformations, and cultural ascensions. Experience the past through the eyes of the author as the pages of the book unfold before you, providing a unique perspective on the life and legacy of these significant locales.

The Karlowitz Peace and the Destruction of the Novi Bečej Fortress

After Austria's victory over the Turks at Senta on September 11, 1697, the Turks withdrew to Banat. Troops under the command of Eugene of Savoy continued to pursue them on the left bank of the Tisza River in the direction of Belgrade. This led to the liberation of Bečej, Bečkerek, and further progress south, although the eastern part of Banat, including Temesvar, remained in Turkish hands.

The peace was eventually concluded with some delay in 1699 in Sremski Karlovci. According to the provisions of the Karlowitz Peace, the Turks completely abandoned Bačka and the western part of Srem from Slankamen towards Morović on the Bosut River, while the eastern part of Srem and the entire Banat remained under Turkish control. After signing the peace treaty, there was a significant delay in the withdrawal of the Austrian army from Banat.

Upon leaving Banat, the Austrian troops moved into Bačka, which became part of Austria. A small number of Serbs from Bečej also migrated there, establishing Novi Bečej.

The treaty stipulated that all cities and fortresses along the Tisza and Danube rivers be demolished. The responsibility for demolishing the fortresses in Bečej and Bečkerek was assigned to Eugene of Savoy's troops. However, they procrastinated, and the fortress in Novi Bečej was only demolished in 1701. This implies that Austro-Hungarian troops remained in the area for two more years after signing the Karlowitz Peace, or four years after the Turks' defeat at Senta. This is crucial to consider when assessing the situation in Banat after the Turks withdrew and the Pozarevac Peace was concluded nineteen years later in 1718.

After signing the Karlowitz Peace, Austria strengthened its borders along the right (Bačka) bank of the Tisza and the right bank of the Moriš River, establishing the Potisje-Pomoriška border. Serbs from the vicinity of Esztergom and Buda were settled as border guards.

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