Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History

Explore the extraordinary past of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through the pages of the book 'Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History.' Uncover political events, economic development, and cultural heritage of these Banat towns through richly documented stories. Follow the evolution from the earliest days to the present, delving into the intricate threads of political intrigues, economic transformations, and cultural ascensions. Experience the past through the eyes of the author as the pages of the book unfold before you, providing a unique perspective on the life and legacy of these significant locales.

Migration of Serbs across the Sava and Danube

Serbian migrations to areas beyond the Sava and Danube date back to before the Battle of Kosovo. After it, migrations continued until the late 17th century, and in Banat until the late 18th century. The defeat at Kosovo in 1389 led to significant Serbian retreats northward. Dmitar, son of King Vukašin and brother of Kraljević Marko, first led Serbs to Banat in the late 14th century.

However, systematic settlement in Banat occurred under Despot Stefan Lazarević and Đurđe Branković. Wars between the Hungarians and Turks forced Serbs to move north and west. Their position was extremely difficult as these wars were fought on the territory they inhabited. Data on these migrations show that most settlers came from southern Serbia: Pomoravlje, Šumadija, Braničeva, and Timočka Krajina. Migrations were mostly voluntary, driven by the hope for better living conditions or to preserve life, but there were also instances of coercion during wartime.

According to Sentklarai, there were nine major migrations of the Serbian people across the Sava and Danube. The first migration occurred in 1356; the second lasted from 1404 to 1412; the third in 1433; the fourth after the fall of Novo Brdo in 1455; the fifth in 1459; the sixth in 1481; the seventh represented arrivals in small groups from 1509 to 1525; the eighth in 1538, and the ninth under Patriarch Arsenije Čarnojević in 1690, when some also settled in Vranjevo. The migration during the last Austro-Turkish war (Kočina Krajina) is crucial for Novi Bečej when 228 people from Šumadija and Pomoravlje moved to Vranjevo, documented with a list of hosts.

Hungary welcomed Serbian refugees, settling them in Banat, Srem, and Bačka, regions most exposed to Turkish attacks. Hungarians brought a substantial Serbian population from territories occupied by the Turks, particularly those near the Turkish border. Around 50,000 Serbs moved to Banat in 1481, and a letter from King Maćaš to the Pope suggests around 200,000 Serbs moved to Hungary in just a few years (1482–1486). While these numbers may be exaggerated, it's known that Banat was predominantly settled by Serbs during that time.

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