Diversity and Wealth of the Municipality of Novi Bečej: Geographic Monograph with Overview of Natural Characteristics, Population, Economy, and Settlements

Explore the deeply rooted natural charms and economic potentials of the Municipality of Novi Bečej through a comprehensive geographical monograph. Familiarize yourself with fascinating aspects of the terrain, geology, climate, water bodies, flora, and fauna, while simultaneously delving into vibrant settlements and diverse industries. This informative book provides valuable insights into the richness of this unique Vojvodina region, offering a broad spectrum of information useful for education, regional planning, and preserving local identity.

Footwear Industry

The footwear manufacturing company "Pobeda" in Novi Bečej dates back to 1947 when this work organization was established by craftsmen in Novi Bečej. Initially, this cooperative had around 35 different craftsmen, predominantly shoemakers, slipper makers, and traditional shoe craftsmen. After seven years of operation, this crafts cooperative was disbanded, and immediately after, a new footwear manufacturing company was established under the name "Pobeda" Novi Bečej (hereinafter referred to as "Pobeda"). In the beginning, the company had only 13 workers, including craftsmen, several semi-skilled workers, and apprentices. After another six years of operation, the collective of the crafts cooperative "Banat" was merged into "Pobeda" with all the basic assets and 12 employed workers. Thus, "Pobeda" acquired its final organizational structure with over 25 employed workers and the necessary basic assets.

Initially, the production process in this work organization was exclusively artisanal. "Pobeda" manually produced all types of women's and men's shoes. With gradual development and investment, machinery for shoe sewing, sole processing, and other footwear manufacturing needs were acquired. The introduction of machinery into the production process allowed for division of labor in the production of each product, and the entire production process increasingly took on an industrial character. By acquiring a special assembly line for shoe assembly, a chain production system was introduced, with designated workstations and new footwear manufacturing technology. Simultaneously, the production of different types of footwear was abandoned, first focusing solely on women's footwear, then solely on men's, which is the current orientation.

With the procurement of equipment and the increase in the number of workers, the production volume gradually increased, but only to a certain extent. Most of the acquired machines became outdated and depreciated. The premises housing this economic organization do not meet the basic hygiene and technical conditions for work. The production area, warehouse, and three small offices are located in a very old building, originally used as a stable for livestock and later as a grain warehouse. The qualification structure of the workforce is also unsatisfactory. The majority of the workforce consists of semi-skilled and unskilled workers, followed by skilled and highly skilled workers, whereas it should be the other way around. All these factors make it difficult for "Pobeda" to achieve a faster pace of development and to be ranked among stable and sufficiently developed work organizations.

The raw material base for production in "Pobeda" consists of leather procured from the domestic market. This work organization sells its annual production capacity of around 65,000 pairs of footwear on the domestic market through the sales network of "Fruška gora" from Ruma, "Kluza" from Belgrade, "Obuća" from Zagreb, and others.

As part of the long-term development plan, the workforce of "Pobeda" and the Municipal Assembly must make new efforts to acquire modern equipment and improve other working conditions. Reconstruction and expansion of the production hall and the entire business premises should be carried out to employ a larger number of workers within the increased production volume. The existing workforce should be professionally trained and re-qualified to work in the new production conditions. When all the mentioned conditions are met, the workforce of "Pobeda" can be expected to achieve significantly greater material production, higher work efficiency, and overall economic performance.

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