Municipality of Novi Bečej, heir of the Faro Convention

In the spirit of shared heritage: Exploration and preservation of the cultural heritage of the Municipality of Novi Bečej alongside the significance of European heritage. This section represents a thorough analysis of the cultural treasures that adorn our municipality, while emphasizing its connection to the broader European context. Discover the rich tradition, architectural beauty, and cultural events that shape the identity of our community as we explore how heritage and innovation can together enrich our future. Through diverse texts, we delve into not only the wealth of heritage surrounding us but also the ways in which we preserve, revitalize, and share it with the world, bridging the past, present, and future.

Introduction
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Introduction

The European Heritage Days are one of the most widely embraced events with the participation of the largest number of Europeans. The Council of Europe initiated the program in 1985, and in 1999, the European Commission joined, leading to the creation of this joint program that continues to this day. By bringing together over twenty million visitors each year, the European Heritage Days contribute year after year to the mutual understanding of the citizens of the old continent, fostering a better understanding of their own cultural and natural heritage, as well as acquainting them with the values and diversity of the heritage of other nations.

Living with Heritage

This year, the Days of European Heritage are celebrated under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture and Information in the Government of the Republic of Serbia, for the fifteenth, jubilee time. The common theme of the event at the European level, chosen by the Council of Europe, "Cultural Heritage and Communities - Living with Heritage," is based on the principles of the Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society, known as the Faro Convention, adopted in 2005 with the aim of achieving greater unity among the member states of the Council of Europe in the preservation and enhancement of the concept of cultural heritage.

The wealth of cultural heritage in the territory of the municipality of Novi Bečej
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The wealth of cultural heritage in the territory of the municipality of Novi Bečej

The architectural heritage of the Novi Bečej Municipality is diverse in typology, covering the period from the late 18th century to the emergence of modernism in architecture. In addition to ambient complexes, there are individual objects of religious and civil architecture, ethnological, as well as objects of industrial, technical, and hydraulic culture. The majority of individual objects, mostly religious ones, are categorized as cultural monuments of great significance, with the most important cultural monument being the medieval church of Arača, which has been designated as a cultural asset of exceptional importance to the Republic of Serbia.

Development project for the protection and presentation of Arača in function of sustainable development
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Development project for the protection and presentation of Arača in function of sustainable development

The most significant cultural monument in the territory of the Municipality of Novi Bečej is the Arača Basilica, a cultural asset of exceptional importance for the Republic of Serbia, and of special significance for the Hungarian national minority.
Considering the significance and values of the Arača church, as well as the ancient settlement whose remains have been confirmed by archaeological research, the issue of site presentation is very significant and demanding. The realization of the project requires a multidisciplinary team and a longer time period.

Museum Exhibitions in the Municipality of Novi Bečej - a Symbiosis of Private Initiatives and Local Government
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Museum Exhibitions in the Municipality of Novi Bečej - a Symbiosis of Private Initiatives and Local Government

At the beginning of the 21st century, the Municipality of Novi Bečej managed to establish three exhibition spaces with museum collections and thematic displays. All three collections are alive, receiving thousands of visitors, continuously enriched with exhibits, and possess all the characteristics of museums. However, the collections are not registered, they are managed by individuals without museum education, but with the passion of amateur curators, caretakers, and guides who volunteer out of great love.

Collaboration of Experts and Local Government in Protecting the Rich Heritage of the Municipality of Novi Bečej

With its number of protected cultural heritage sites, the Municipality of Novi Bečej ranks among the top municipalities in the Central Banat region. Since its establishment in 2004, the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in Zrenjanin has been involved in the evaluation, protection, and presentation of the rich architectural heritage of this municipality, which includes not only Novi Bečej but also Kumane, Novo Miloševo, and Bočar. These activities have been successful due to the support and cooperation of local government authorities, the broader community, and significant contributions from individuals.

The spatial cultural-historical entity "Old Center of Vranjevo"
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The spatial cultural-historical entity "Old Center of Vranjevo"

In early 2014, the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in Zrenjanin completed the drafting of a Proposal for the Decision on the determination of the ambient unit of the old center of Vranjevo as the Spatial Cultural-Historical Entity "Old Center of Vranjevo" in Novi Bečej. After two years of research work on valorizing each individual object within the entity, defining its boundaries, as well as its protected surroundings, the Proposal for the Decision was sent in early 2014 to the Republic Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in Belgrade for further processing. The act of declaring this entity a cultural asset is made by the Government of the Republic of Serbia.

The spatial cultural-historical unit "Center of Novi Bečej"
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The spatial cultural-historical unit "Center of Novi Bečej"

At the end of 2014, the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in Zrenjanin began drafting a proposal for the Decision to establish the ambiental complex of the center of Novi Bečej as the Spatial Cultural-Historical Unit "Center of Novi Bečej." After conducting research to assess the value of each individual object within the complex, defining the boundaries of the complex and its protected surroundings, work on drafting the decision is in its final stages, pending technical attachments and necessary supporting documentation to undergo the legal procedure.

Memorial Museum "Glavaš House" in Novi Bečej
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Memorial Museum "Glavaš House" in Novi Bečej

The Memorial Museum "Glavaš House" is situated in the old center of Vranjevo (today part of Novi Bečej). The building was erected in the early decades of the 19th century and belonged to the esteemed and wealthy Glavaš family. Vladimir Glavaš, a doctor of law, educated in Bratislava and Prague, bequeathed the house and other property to the Serbian Orthodox Church Parish of Vranjevo in 1907. The Municipality of Novi Bečej began renovating the building in 2006, and it is now home to the memorial museum.